Essay: The Chemehuevi and the Mohave
An essay on Chemehuevi and the Mohave. The boarding school closed in 1931, and children began attending school in Needles. The 20th Century was closing in. In 1936 a great flood washed out Mohaves homes in Arizona, Needles too was flooded.
The boarding school closed in 1931, and children began attending school in Needles. The 20th Century was closing in. In 1936 a great flood washed out Mohaves homes in Arizona, Needles too was flooded. To replace these homes, a new village was built outside Needles in 1947 on land bought by the tribe, and later declared part of the reservation.
As Anglo-American appropriation of the economic resources of the area continued, large agricultural development schemes were promoted on both reservations as a means of integrating the Mohave into the regional economy of the United States. The Colorado River Indian reservation was first funded for an irrigation system in 1868 but large-scale agriculture did not begin there until the Poston Japanese internment camp was opened in 1942. (Tsosie, n.d.)
The Japanese contributed significant labor and skill in subjugating the land, until their labor was replaced by Navajo and Hopi colonists who were settled at Colorado River after the internment camp was closed in 1945. Fort Mohaves financed its own irrigation system in 1976. In 1995, tribal agricultural enterprises and the leasing of irrigated farmlands to non-Mohaves provided the basis for annual tribal government revenues between eight million and ten million dollars. The development of casino-style gambling on both reservations in 1995 promised to provide significant revenue following the repayment of capital improvement loans in the early twenty-first century. (Tsosie, n.d.)
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