Essay: Corruption in Bangladesh
This essay discusses issues related to corruption in Bangladesh. Buying political influence and buying votes are common manifestation of political corruption in many countries including Bangladesh. As money is needed to be active in politics and participate in election, financial need and pressure make politicians easy prey to accept payoffs unless he has own wealth to undertake such activities.
Buying political influence and buying votes are common manifestation of political corruption in many countries including Bangladesh. As money is needed to be active in politics and participate in election, financial need and pressure make politicians easy prey to accept payoffs unless he has own wealth to undertake such activities. It has been argued that loss of ideological focus in France and Italy was caused by need to finance politics which gave rise to ‘Businessman Politicians’. This is also the case in Bangladesh.
Thus sale of politicians to contributors has become common and such sale may not remain restricted within the national boundaries. Even legal contribution can cause favoritism. The link between campaign funds and influence, though not proved conclusively in the context, can hardly be ignored as is seen from Clean Hand investigations in Italy.
Corruption is all-pervasive in Bangladesh. Though corruption has been a part of the politico-administrative heritage, there is little denying the fact that after independence the tentacles of corruption have engulfed the entire society. So strong and sustained is the influence of corruption that most people have come to accept it as a fait accompli. Not only do citizens have accepted it as a part of their daily life experience but also more frighteningly they feel themselves powerless to address the phenomenon at any level. The reason for such helplessness is to the presence of corruption in almost all levels of government. The changeover from an authoritarian to a democratic system of government in the 1990s has not had any effect on the nature and dimensions of corruption. Information obtained from the Finance Division of the Ministry of Finance show that over a period of twenty-two years, i.e. between 1971 and 1993, taka 18,000 crore were lost in the public sector due to misappropriation of public funds and theft.
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