Essay: The Bandung conference
The expression ‘Third World’ was first used by Frenchman Alfred Sauvy in 1952 to give form to the desire of those countries that lacked access to economic opportunities, to find a ‘third way.’ The first and second ways, being those of the capitalistic First World and the socialist/communist Second World. It was politically motivated since these countries had been subordinated by both sides, they wished to form their own identity, and gain strength in that. Sauvy ended his article with, “The Third World is, being avoided, misused and ignored and it too wants to become something.”
This formal non-aligned and neutralist movement began after The Bandung conference in 1955 organised by Indonesia, India, Burma, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka bringing together 29 countries in solidarity to gain political influence. However this was also underpinned with shared anti-imperialistic feelings, and fights for independence of colonial rule. After the end of the Cold War, the non-aligned motive for solidarity declined and as John Toye argues in his book ‘Dilemmas of Development,’ decolonisation was the real driving force for any unity that existed. He said, “The psychology of Third Worldism is the psychology of decolonization.” Peter Worsley also explains where original grouping lay;
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