Essay: Native Women in Fur Trade in Early Canada

Sample Essay

Words 4,291

This essay discusses native women involved in fur trade in early Canada. In the early 17th century, the Native nations that conducted business with the French belonged to two different linguistic families: the Algonquan family and the Huron-Iroquoian family. At the instance, the nations of the Algonquian family were nomads and wandered over the greatest part of what is modern day Quebec.

General Historical Background

In the early 17th century, the Native nations that conducted business with the French belonged to two different linguistic families: the Algonquan family and the Huron-Iroquoian family. At the instance, the nations of the Algonquian family were nomads and wandered over the greatest part of what is modern day Quebec. The most densely inhabited nations were the Micmacs, Montagnais, Attikamek, Cree and Algonquins.

The nations of the Huron-Iroquoian family, nevertheless, were sedentary and lived southwest and west of the current territory of Quebec: with the most victorious assimilation by France occurring to these nations. French Missionaries thrived in making the Huron  confined themselves to the French territory. The French exploited the Huron as their chief allies in the area. There were four Huron nations living on a territory situated east of the Great Lake that were named after them. The warring and English allied Iroquois Nations finally slaughtered the Huron.

Comprising of five nations, the Iroquois lived in the area that is today the northern part of the State of New York. The Neutrals lived around Lake Erie and the Petum, on the Bruce Peninsula. When Samuel de Champlain founded Quebec in 1608, the Iroquois were previously at war with the Algonquian nations. After 1640, they increased their attacks against the Hurons, who had become the main suppliers of furs to the French by then. In the middle of the 17th century, Huronia was practically defeated.

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