Essay: Geneva Accords

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This essay discusses Geneva Accords. In 1954, the Geneva Accords divided Vietnam into two nations, splitting the nation apart at the 17th parallel. The land and the people north of this line were given to Ho Chi Minh and his Communist regime while the more democratic regime of Bao Dai was given the land and the people south of this line.

In 1954, the Geneva Accords divided Vietnam into two nations, splitting the nation apart at the 17th parallel. The land and the people north of this line were given to Ho Chi Minh and his Communist regime while the more democratic regime of Bao Dai was given the land and the people south of this line. These accords also required that national elections would be held in both sectors of the nation within two years from the date of the accords to set up means by which the country would be united.

The United States strongly opposed these elections, with U.S. officials arguing that they would likely give over the whole country would likely vote in a Communist regime. Ironically, the Vietnamese communists also opposed free elections.

These simple historical facts – born out of the optimism and hope of the accords – are also the seeds that led to the war in Vietnam and so many losses on both the American and Vietnamese sides. The Geneva Accords, which sought to make peace, helped to make war. However, to make this point in this way is to cast too much blame on the engineers and participants in these talks, for in many ways they simply fanned the icy flames of the Cold War. The Geneva Accords in many ways simply provided an excuse for the United States to meddle in Southeast Asia as a part of its decades-long Cold War against the Soviet Union and what American officials saw as a rising tide of international Communism.

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