Term Paper: Middle East Conflict

Sample Term Paper

Words 2,320

This term paper discusses the middle east conflict. Zionism as a movement has a long history, the origination of the philosophy and the conditions present at the time precipitated the creation of Zionism and ultimately Israel. Ottoman Empire was in decline, but it still included not only what is now Turkey, but also Iraq, Kuwait, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Israel/Palestine, along with a strip along the west coast of what is now Saudi Arabia.

Introduction

Zionism as a movement has a long history, the origination of the philosophy and the conditions present at the time precipitated the creation of Zionism and ultimately Israel. Ottoman Empire was in decline, but it still included not only what is now Turkey, but also Iraq, Kuwait, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Israel/Palestine, along with a strip along the west coast of what is now Saudi Arabia. The old walled city of Jerusalem, which had less than 20,000 people in the past, had been over half Jewish since the 1840’s, when railroads and steamships made it easier for people to travel from Europe to the Middle East. Most of these were intensely religious Jews from Eastern Europe who set up religious schools in Jerusalem and lived largely on charity from synagogues in Europe. Events in France led Theodora Herzl to put forth an ideology of a separate Jewish State for the Jewish Race. In 1896 Herzl wrote The Jewish State in which he said that Jews had to have a land and a government of their own, a space, which they controlled, where Jews could flee to escape persecution. Shlaim Claims:

‘…When one probes the politics of the war and not merely the military operations, the picture that emerges is not the familiar one of Israel standing alone against the combined military might of the entire Arab world but rather one of a remarkable convergence between the interests of Israel and those of Transjordan against the other members of the Arab coalition and especially against the Palestinians. My purpose in writing this survey was not to pass moral judgment on Israel’s conduct in 1948 or to delegitimize Zionism but to suggest that the traditional Zionist narrative of the birth of Israel and the first Arab-Israeli war is deeply flawed.’ (100)

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