Term Paper: Persia and Ottoman Empire

Sample Term Paper

Words 1,540

This is a term paper on Persia and Ottoman Empire from the 1850 – to Present Times. The Ottoman military was a comprehensive system of recruiting and fief-holding. In the Ottoman army, light cavalry long created the core and they were given fiefs called timars. Cavalry used bows and short swords and made use of nomad tactics parallel to those of the Mongol Empire. After the 17th century, however, the Ottomans could no longer generate a modern fighting force because of a lack of reforms, primarily because of the corrupted Janissaries.

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The Ottoman military was a comprehensive system of recruiting and fief-holding. In the Ottoman army, light cavalry long created the core and they were given fiefs called timars. Cavalry used bows and short swords and made use of nomad tactics parallel to those of the Mongol Empire. After the 17th century, however, the Ottomans could no longer generate a modern fighting force because of a lack of reforms, primarily because of the corrupted Janissaries. The abolition of the Janissary corps in 1826 was not enough, and in the war against Russia, the Ottoman Empire firmly lacked modern weapons and technologies. This was also the time when a same decline could be observed in the Ottoman Empire, which came to be known as “the sick man of Europe”.

After a series of dynasties, such as the Safavids, which thrived in expanding Iran’s territory through a series of military conquest, Iran’s military power began to decline under the Qajar dynasty (1794-1925). Russia managed to seize Georgia and the part of the Northern Caucausus, which Iran ceded under the Treaty of Golestan in 1813, after a major war with Russia. That War turned out to be overwhelming for Iran, and demonstrated its military inferiority. After another clash with Russia, Iran ceded more territory. As the West grew more dominant and urbanized technological modernism, Iran could no longer remain isolated.

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