Research Paper: Personal Model of Ethics based on Kantian Ideals

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This research paper is on Personal Model of Ethics based on Kantian Ideals. Most religions embrace an ethics of virtue, arguing both that we must each strive to be virtuous and that those virtues that we should each struggle to obtain are objectively definable and the same for all.

Most religions embrace an ethics of virtue, arguing both that we must each strive to be virtuous and that those virtues that we should each struggle to obtain are objectively definable and the same for all. I do not believe this to be true myself, because such an ethical system allows too little room for the importance of circumstance and situation. Situational ethics are often derided as not truly being ethical at all; however, ethical systems that do not allow for consideration of circumstance may arguably be considered not to be ethical at all.

An ethics of duty share some elements with Utilitarianism – which simply derives its name from the Latin word for “useful”. Utilitarianism is actually both an ethical and a political doctrine. The core idea of Utilitarianism is simply that all those things that are useful to people are good. It follows from this initial presumption that the ethical value of any action undertaken by a person can be determined clearly and solely by the usefulness – the “utility” – of the results of that action.

I would not go so far as to embrace the purer forms of Utilitarianism, although I would in general be inclined to side with Mill, who (as opposed to Bentham) used the term to apply to the idea that the ultimate objective of any action that a person undertakes intending to perform a moral act must be to achieve the greatest possible good for the greatest possible number of people.

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