Dissertation: Stages of Cultural Shock
This is a dissertation on stages of culture shock. Ferraro, (1990), Kohls, (1984) and Preston (1985) have defined 4 different stages of culture shock. The phases can be both sequential and cyclical in nature. As with each new encounter the person may go through the whole process repeatedly.
Ferraro, (1990), Kohls, (1984) and Preston (1985) have defined 4 different stages of culture shock. The phases can be both sequential and cyclical in nature. As with each new encounter the person may go through the whole process repeatedly. However when a person becomes bicultural the adaption may become bicultural.
In this first stage, the fresh entrant may experience exhilarated and delighted by all of the new things experienced. It is categorised by curiosity, enthusiasm, elatedness, restlessness, optimistic outlook, and respect about the new society. The variations are thrilling and appealing. Even though there may be concern and tension, these are taken in a positive manner.
Cultural shock phase
When the honeymoon stage passes the next phase the culture shock phase depends on personal qualities, groundwork, and many other issues (Furnham & Bochner, 1986, 179). This phase starts right off just after the arrival of the individual or it may set in late but it usually appears in a few weeks or a month. During this stage the individual may face a number of crises and problems in the daily routine. Things start going wrong, and the individual may face some problematic situations and may encounter some difficult times and predicaments in daily life. Minor and inconsequential things might start seem significant and important and cultural and social differences may become more annoying and frustrating. The person may feel preoccupied with hygiene food and living conditions. There is a lot of stress as the individual may feel rising dissatisfaction, irritation, intolerance, and anxiety. Life becomes chaotic as feeling of vulnerability, bewilderedness, ostracising by the locals settles in. The perception that one is not in control may be evident and may lead to depression, loneliness, resentment, or aggression and the person may become very emotional, wary, and obsessed and the feelings of being robbed are also one of the characteristics (Rhinesmith, 1985, 74). In such a condition the individual tends to criticise and one tends to find reasons to dislike the new culture. In this situation the individual looks at more familiar environment and people so that the person may have a sense of protection from the foreign culture.
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