Essay: Treatment of Ovarian Cancer

Sample Essay

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This is an essay about the treatment of ovarian cancer. There is no simple cure for ovarian cancer rather the treatment is carried out by a combination of both surgery and chemotherapy.

Treatment

There is no simple cure for ovarian cancer rather the treatment is carried out by a combination of both surgery and chemotherapy. (Medicine net)

Surgery: is the usual first action for women detected with ovarian cancer. The ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, and the cervix are typically taken out. This process is called a hysterectomy with two-sided salpingo-oophorectomy. Frequently, the doctor also gets rid of the thin tissue layering the abdomen and large intestine and lymph nodes in the abdomen.

Chemotherapy: is the use of chemical treatment to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy may be given to destroy any cancerous cells that may stay behind in the body after surgery, to control cancer growth, or to alleviate symptoms of the disease.

Preventative Measures

         Oral Contraception: when compared to women who don’t use them, women who use birth control pills for three years or more decrease their risk of ovarian cancer by 30 % to 50 %. (Mayo Clinic)

         Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Having at least one child lowers the risk of having ovarian cancer. Breast-feeding an infant for a year or longer also cause decrease in the risk of ovarian cancer. (Mayo Clinic)

         Tubal ligation: There is also a decrease in the risk of ovarian cancer for women who have had tubal ligation performed. (Mayo Clinic)

Risk Factors

There are certain risk factors which increase the probability of increasing the chances of having Ovarian Cancer. The most important threat for ovarian cancer is having an hereditary transformation in one of two genes called breast cancer gene 1 (BRCA1) and breast cancer gene 2 (BRCA2). There  are also chances that if there is a family history of ovarian cancer then other individuals with no relatives with ovarian cancer. Similarly post menopausal women are at greater risk in addition to infertile women.

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