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Length: 4545 words
This is an essay on affirmative action. Affirmative Action is practiced in the United States. It consists of the prevention of discrimination, keeping into account factors such as race, nationality and sex.
Affirmative Action is practiced in the United States. It consists of the prevention of discrimination, keeping into account factors such as race, nationality and sex. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 states that the federal government requires educational institutions and businesses receiving funds from the government to create and enhance affirmative action programs. These policies are not only monitored and further enforced by The Office of Federal Contract Compliance; it is also done so by The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (Lazear). One of the major criticisms of affirmative action has been advanced by the white, male population. They believe that such affirmative action programs are ways by which ‘reverse discrimination’ takes place. On the other hand, the United States Commission on Civil Rights argued that if societies were operating in a fair manner, measures which took sex, race and nationality into account would have been considered as preferential. This was their standpoint up until 1983. When the commission was re-organized in the late 1980’s it changed its viewpoint and went in the other direction. By January of 1984, the commission approved of a statement stating that preference based on race is a form of discrimination which is left unjustified. Recently however, affirmative action has certainly been on the rise and due to this; controversies surrounding the matter have increased.
In 1978, in the University of California, Regents vs…
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