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Emile Durkheim, born in 1858, is often referred to as one of the founding fathers of sociology. He hailed from France and during his lifetime, contributed significantly to the fields of sociology and anthropology. He is attributed with the honor of actually converting sociology into a science as he used empirical studies to verify his researches. Religion, suicide, crime, division of labor and education are just a few of the….

societal facets that his theories included. He was a contributor and editor of L’Annee Sociologique, which he founded in 1898 and which served the purpose of establishing a new sociological paradigm and distinguishing it as an accepted field of social science (Thompson, 1982).

His theories and ideas remain popular till today as he presented pertinent sociological studies on many topics which remain as relevant today as they were decades ago. These included education, religion, suicide, division of labor, crime. One specific area of emphasis was social life in the modern societies as Durkheim described sociology as the ‘science of social facts’. His view was that society was a lot more than just the sum of its parts and he explained how different parts of society existed in reference to the benefit they had for society. His work on division of labor illuminated the possibility of a rift between individual and collective consciousness and he stressed on the importance of education as a means of preventing anomie, i.e. a state where norms are vague or non-existent, leading to deviant behavior (Thompson, 1982).

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