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Sample Essay – Philosophy of Education

The following essay is regarding the criticism done by Kieran Egan on the three common theories of education. According to Egan, the theories are incompatible with each other. The following essay will consider some philosophies of education presented by other philosophers and it would evaluate the criticism done by Egan and it would be determined whether the criticism done by Egan is justified or it is damaging to the system of education.

Different Philosophies of Education

Theories regarding education have been presented by a number of philosophers and the theories presented stretch over a vast lapse of time (Murphy, 2006). One of the oldest philosophies of education was presented by Plato (Cahn, 1997). The philosophy of education by Plato can still be witnessed in the today’s education system. The philosophy presented by Plato was based on his vision of an ideal Republic.

According to Plato, the State should take the responsibility of educating the children and they should be educated in such a manner that they serve the State afterwards. He suggested that the children should be educated in order to make them eligible for the right kind of service to the State (Lachs, 2008).

The education provided should be in a specialized field and those students should serve the State in the field in which they specialize. The possible fields suggested by Plato were military services, city management and dialectic. According to Plato, the basic education such as mathematics, gymnastics and music should be provided to all the students regardless of the field they are to specialize in.

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