Sample Term Paper

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The reason why the Arabian Oryx became extinct in the wild and became endangered is because of over hunting of the animal. This over hunting was done both by the Bedouin for meat and hide as well as by hunting parties which regarded it as a sport.
Approximately 1800 of the Arabian Oryx were believed to exist all over the Arabian peninsula including Syria, Oman,  Jordan, Iraq occurred over most of the Arabian Peninsula which includes modern Israel, , Syria, parts of Egypt, Yemen Saudi Arabia, UAE, Bahrain, Qatar and Kuwait and also Israel.   Due to over hunting the animal was found only in Rub’ al Khali desert by 1970 in the southeastern section of the on the Arabian Peninsula.  In 1972 the last Arabian Oryx was shot dead.

Protecting from Extinction

The Phoenix Zoo is responsible for saving the Arabian Oryx from extinction. In 1962 they began the original captive breeding group in a zoo.  They started with only 9 animals, since t hat time there have been over 200 successful births. Oryx were also sent to other zoos to initiate new herds. In the 1990s, the number of Arabian Oryx swelled to over 1300 this include 112 captive animals which were reintroduced in the wild in their inhabitant lands.

Reintroduction in Wild and Poaching

Reintroduction of the animals started in Oman in 1982, but the number of animals have declined significantly from 450 in 1996 to 106 by early 2003 this was due to poaching which has become a serious threat again as almost 200 Oryx were poached or hunted down in three years by poachers– from wild Omani herd –when this was started in 1996. The reintroduction in Saudi Arabia was more successful; however the size of the herds became quite large. The numbers rose from 400 in 1997 to 700 in 2003. In 2007 1000 Arabian Oryx were introduced into the UAE near Abu Dhabi desert.


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