This essay discusses history of British Laws. Unlike the United States Constitution, which was written in a summer, the British constitution evolved over a period of many centuries. Instead of one document, British law is made up of common law, statute law and convention.
Unlike the United States Constitution, which was written in a summer, the British constitution evolved over a period of many centuries. Instead of one document, British law is made up of common law, statute law and convention. Despite not having a single document, several documents lay out basic rights and duties for Britain’s citizens. The Magna Carta (1215), which protects citizens rights against the crown, the Bill of Rights (1689), which extends the power of Parliament and the Reform Act (1832), which reformed Britain’s parliamentary representation (Does Britain have a Written Constitution?)
British Common law in not precisely defined; it is based on customs or legal precedents, which judges interpret in court cases. Conventions are rules and practices that are enforceable via law, but which are, nonetheless, considered necessary when working with a government. Conventions have evolved as a result of historical events. An example of a convention is that Government Ministers are responsible for and can be held accountable for actions within their departments (Does Britain have a Written Constitution?)
The Magna Carta came about on the plains of Runnymede, in the general area where Windsor Castle now stands. On June 15, 1215 a group of barons challenged a broke King John for basic, traditional rights to be written, sealed and delivered to counties to be read to all freemen. The original Magna Carta was a set of baronial stipulations, long since lost, known as “Articles of the Barons.”
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