This is an essay on history of Mayas. Father José Matías Delgado organized a revolt against Spain in 1811, but it was fast suppressed. Napoleon’s invasion of Spain the following year amplified the impetus for reform, and El Salvador finally gained independence in 1821.
Father José Matías Delgado organized a revolt against Spain in 1811, but it was fast suppressed. Napoleon’s invasion of Spain the following year amplified the impetus for reform, and El Salvador finally gained independence in 1821. This did not alter the dynamics of land ownership, an issue at the core of a failed Indian rebellion in 1833, led by Anastasio Aquino. In 1841, following the closure of the Central American Federation (formed between Costa Rica, Guatemala El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua), El Salvador became a monarch autonomous nation.
In the second half of the 19th century, synthetic dyes damaged the indigo market, and coffee took main stage in the economy. By the 20th century, 95% of El Salvador’s revenue came from coffee exports, but only 2% of the population controlled that wealth. Discontinuous efforts by the poor majority to redress El Salvador’s social and economic injustices were met with ruthless repression. The first popular movement for change followed on the heels of the stock-market crash of 1929 and the succeeding plummeting of coffee prices. By the 1960s, El Salvador’s failing economy and severe overpopulation drove hundreds of thousands of Salvadorans to cross illegally into Honduras looking for work.
Today this beautiful country has modernized and liberalized its economy through deregulation, privatization, cracking down on corruption, the execution of market-oriented economic reforms, and the adoption of the U.S. dollar as legal tender. The result is that per capita incomes in El Salvador have mature ten times faster in the 1990s than in the 1980s.
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