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Sample Research Paper

Words 1,006

This is a research paper on reintegration and shaming. Four studies are discussed. The first is a book by Braithwaite (1989), the second is the theory’s exploration by Hay (2001) third is another study by Miethe and colleagues in Drug Courts (2000) and finally a research conducted in Australia by Sherman et al (2000).

Research Synopsis

Introduction

This research is on reintegration and shaming. Four studies are discussed. The first is a book by Braithwaite (1989), the second is the theory’s exploration by Hay (2001) third is another study by Miethe and colleagues in Drug Courts (2000) and finally a research conducted in Australia by Sherman et al (2000).

Crime, Shame and Reintegration

Braithwaite (1989) paved the way for reintegrative shaming as a broad criminological theory. Its approach is relevant to professional burglary, episodic delinquency, and corporate offense. Braithwaite (1989) argues that some societies have elevated crime rates than others because of how they shame wrongdoings. He identifies two types of shaming – “stigmatized shaming” or “disintegrative shaming” and “reintegrative shaming.”

The primary significance of stigmatization is that it treats offenders as outcasts and inflames a rebellious and criminal reaction from them. Shaming that is stigmatizing makes criminal subcultures more striking because this in some sense subcultures that reject the rejecters (Braithwaite, 1989). Disintegrative shaming can be counterproductive, making crime evils worse since it breaks the moral bonds between the offender and the neighborhood.

Reintegrative shaming works because people are normally deterred from committing crime by two informal forms of social control: fear of social disapproval and conscience.

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