Foreign policy behavior, as well as going to war, is best explained by studying individual approach, social structure and relations, economic conditions, institutional patterns, political culture, leaders, and decision-making processes. This essay analyzes the sources of Arab foreign policy and also the sources of the US foreign policy to understand the roots which form each set of policy.
Middle East applications include Brecher’s study of Israeli foreign policy (1972) and various case studies of Arab foreign policy-making (Korany & Dessouki et al, 4-12). It follows from this outlook that a major change in the domestic environment might be expected to produce changes in external behavior and international relations. To adherents of the “sociological” school, the realists’ construction of the state as a rational, monolithic, self-help actor in an “anarchic” environment is a basic abstraction. Rather, the roots of conflict recline within the state and society.
As stated by a study (Korany & Dessouki, 20, 30-31), Arab foreign policy decision-making is predominantly shaped by external factors Empirical observations on internal and external factors in Arab foreign policy decision-making may be situated in the context of the theoretical debate in international relations. . Stephen Walt’s The origin of Alliances (1987) uses the Middle East to exemplify the neo-realist contention that actors are primarily driven by insight of a “balance of threat” to maneuver incessantly in a shifting pattern of coalitions that constantly contradicts the ideological agendas.
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